Fluoride levels in tap water in western Europe

Last updated

The forced-fluoridation freaks often try to explain away the fact that reported dental caries rates are just as low in nonfluoridated western European countries as they are in countries where forced-fluoridation is prevalent by exaggerating fluoride exposure in the former. According to the Fluoride Action Network, the Irish Republic (73% of the population), Spain (11% of the population), and the United Kingdom (11% of the population) are the only countries in western Europe which subject their populations to fluoride pollution in their tap water, making up just 3% of the total western European population. Those figures come originally from the British Fluoridation Society (BFS), and although the numbers for Ireland and the United Kingdom look about right, 11% for Spain appears to be an overestimate. I have not gone through the full list of communities in Spain which they claim are artificially fluoridated, but they list Seville and Córdoba, which as far as I can tell are not fluoridated. The BFS lists only one source of information for Spain, which is from 2005. Whatever the exact figure for western Europe, the European Union has unfortunately not done anything to protect that small minority from their governments, and in the case of the UK has lost the chance to do so.

Below is a list of the 100 largest western (or thereabouts) European cities, with links to the latest information I could find on fluoride concentrations in the public water supplies of those cities. You can see from the figures which have been provided for the top half of the list that the fluoride concentrations are predominantly much lower than the 0.7 to 1.0 ppm nominal concentrations most commonly used for artificial water fluoridation, and mostly below 0.2 ppm. The information is not complete, and I’m only proficient in English so it’s possible there are some mistakes, but there has been no selective reporting. The only cities in the top 50 which are artificially fluoridated are Birmingham, England and Dublin, Ireland. No other cities had fluoride concentrations consistently above 0.5 ppm, though Copenhagen is in the ballpark, and Valencia is listed as 0.3 to 0.7. I have looked at the available data for the remaining 50 cities, which have only been included here via links to water suppliers etc, and their distribution is similar to that of the fluoride concentrations in drinking water of the 50 largest cities. There are another 4 cities which are occupied by the force-fluoridating enemy: Dudley, England; Coventry, England; Sandwell, England; and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England – all of the occupied population centres in the UK are in fact in England, with none in Scotland, Wales, or Northern Ireland. Fluoride concentration data are available for a large majority of the cities listed, but not all of them. The list of cities was taken from the City Mayors website. Information on salt fluoridation and other systemic fluoride treatments can be found on the next page.

Note that even though the fluoride concentrations are overwhelmingly low in comparison to those used for forced-fluoridation, they are not necessarily safe. The idea that naturally occurring fluoride is more or less harmless is a myth, and as a point of reference, the fluoride concentration of breastmilk is around 0.004 ppm (equivalent to 4 parts per billion). Fluoride is a highly toxic, cumulative poison. All figures below are in parts per million (ppm), or equivalently milligrams per litre (mg/L).

London, England, UK
Not occupied by the enemy. Finsbury Park (N7 0AA – Holloway supply zone) 0.135, East Ham (E12 5AA – Manor Park) 0.151, Hanger Lane & Stonebridge (W3 0AA) 0.132, Brent Cross (NW2 1AA) 0.129, Charlton (SE13 5AA) 0.13, Merton (SW19 1AA) 0.132
https://secure.thameswater.co.uk/dynamic/cps/rde/xchg/corp/hs.xsl/899.htm

Berlin, Germany
Not occupied by the enemy. Spandau 0.24, Kladow 0.19, Beelitzhof 0.20, Tiefwerder 0.18, Tegel 0.21, Stolpe 0.23, Kaulsdorf 0.23, Wuhlheide 0.3, Friedrichshagen 0.17
http://www.bwb.de/content/language1/downloads/WW_Analysedaten_2016.pdf

Madrid, Spain
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.3).
The following documents show that drinking water in Spain is mostly well below the fluoride concentrations used for artificial fluoridation. The Basque Country is the only region in which forced-fluoridation is the norm, as a result of legislation there.
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/
http://www.msssi.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/docs/Inf_Cache_2014.pdf

Rome, Italy (Lazio)
Not occupied by the enemy. Zona 1 Pescheria Capore Prevalente 0.21, Zona 2 Acqua Marcia Prevalente 0.12, Zona 3 Miscele Con Appio Alessandrino 0.38, Zona 4 Miscele Con Nuovo Vergine 0.45
https://www.acea.it/it/acqua/ato-2/mappa-qualita-acqua-acea-ato-2

Paris, France (Île-de-France)
Not occupied by the enemy. centre 0.1, est 0.2, nordouest 0.1, sudouest 0.1
http://www.eaudeparis.fr/la-qualite-de-leau-a-paris/

Hamburg, Germany
Not occupied by the enemy. Baursberg 0.07, Bergedorf 0.17, Billbrook 0.13, Bostelbek 0.14, Curslack 0.16, Glinde 0.13, Großensee 0.15, Großhansdorf 0.17, Haseldorfer Marsch 0.07, Langenhorn 0.08, Lohbrügge 0.12, Neugraben 0.14, Nordheide 0.08, Rothenburgsort 0.15, Schnelsen 0.09, Stellingen 0.09, Süderelbmarsch 0.13, Walddörfer 0.13
https://www.hamburgwasser.de/privatkunden/service/formulare-downloads/wasseranalysen/

Vienna, Austria
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.2).
http://www.wien.gv.at/wienwasser/qualitaet/ergebnis.html#hoch

Barcelona, Spain (Catalonia)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.08).
http://www.aiguesdebarcelona.cat/ca/analitica-mes-recent-de-la-teva-aigua

Milan, Italy (Lombardy)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.5).
http://www.metropolitanamilanese.it/pub/page/it/MM/qualita_acqua

Munich, Germany (Bavaria)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.1).
https://www.swm.de/privatkunden/m-wasser/wasserqualitaet.html
https://www.swm.de/dam/swm/dokumente/m-wasser/trinkwasser-analysewerte.pdf

Prague, Czech Republic (Central Bohemia)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.10). (see link under “Aktualni kvalita vody” on right-hand side of PVK webpage below)
http://www.pvk.cz/aktualni-havarie.html

Naples, Italy (Campania)
Not occupied by the enemy. Via Ponti Rossi 0.45, Corso Garibaldi 0.56, Via Cavalleggeri 0.22, Via Icaro 0.11, Via Padula 0.17
http://www.abc.napoli.it/ [the map loads slowly when you click on it]

Birmingham, England (West Midlands)
artificially fluoridated at a nominal concentration of 1.0 ppm
https://www.stwater.co.uk/content/dam/stw/my-water/images/fluoride-agreements-stw.pdf
https://www.stwater.co.uk/my-supply/water-quality/check-my-water-quality/
https://www.south-staffs-water.co.uk/household/my-water-supply/water-quality/water-quality-standards
https://www.south-staffs-water.co.uk/household/my-water-supply/water-quality/fluoride

Cologne, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy. linksrheinisch 0.13, rechtsrheinisch 0.09
https://www.rheinenergie.com/media/documents/trinkwasseranalyse/Trinkwasseranalyse_Linksrheinisch.pdf
https://www.rheinenergie.com/media/documents/trinkwasseranalyse/Trinkwasseranalyse_Rechtsrheinisch.pdf

Turin, Italy (Piedmont)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.1).
http://www.smatorino.it/monitoraggio.php?pageNum_analisi=6&totalRows_analisi=304&comune=

Zagreb, Croatia
Not occupied by the enemy. Mala Mlaka less than 0.05, Petruševec 0.072, Sašnak less than 0.05, Zapruđe 0.065, Strmec 0.056
http://www.vio.hr/default.aspx?id=44

Marseille, France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.08).
https://www.eauxdemarseille.fr/L-eau-et-moi/La-qualite-de-l-eau

Stockholm, Sweden
Not occupied by the enemy. Norsborg less than 0.20, Lovö less than 0.20
http://www.stockholmvattenochavfall.se/en/water-and-wastewater/drinking-water/quality-and-control
http://www.stockholmvattenochavfall.se/globalassets/pdf1/english/certificate-kval-dekl-no-lo-eng-2018-03-30.pdf

Valencia, Spain
Not occupied by the enemy (0.3 to 0.7).
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/
https://www.aguasdevalencia.es/Clientes/Preguntas-frecuentes/

Amsterdam, the Netherlands (North Holland)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.09).
https://www.waternet.nl/ons-water/drinkwater/kwaliteit-van-ons-drinkwater/

Leeds, England (Yorkshire), UK
Not occupied by the enemy. LS1 1AJ (Cross Green supply zone) 0.082
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/about-us/newsroom-media/our-statements#ls3
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Seville, Spain (Andalusia)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.2).
The water quality reports seem to have been removed from the EMASESA website, but I previously downloaded reports for January and August 2014, which is where the reading of less than 0.2 mg/L comes from.
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/
http://www.emasesa.com/clientes/calidad/calidad-del-agua-4/

Palermo, Italy (Sicily)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.35).
https://www.amapspa.it/carta-didentita-dellacqua/

Genova, Italy (Liguria)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.10).
https://www.irenacqua.it/liguria

Frankfurt, Germany (Hesse)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.15).
https://www.mainova.de/static/de-mainova/downloads/Info_Jahresmittelwerte_Trinkwasseranalysen_2016_Ffm.pdf

Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Not occupied by the enemy. Milngavie C3 (G22 5AA) less than 0.04, Picketlaw (G76 0AA) 0.04, Carron Valley B (G63 0AA) 0.04
http://www.scottishwater.co.uk/you-and-your-home/water-quality/waterqualitysearch

Zaragoza, Spain (Aragon)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.15).
http://www.zaragoza.es/ciudad/IMSP/listado_IMSP

Essen, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.11).
https://www.stadtwerke-essen.de/wasser/wasserqualitaet/trinkwasseranalyse/

Rotterdam, the Netherlands (South Holland)
Not occupied by the enemy. Berenplaat (3197 XA) 0.21, Kralingen (3113 AA) 0.21
https://www.evides.nl/drinkwater/waterkwaliteit-en-hardheid

Dortmund, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy. Hengsen 0.10, Villigst 0.09, Westhofen 0.09, Witten 0.10, Halingen 0.08
https://www.dew21.de/privatkunden/wasser/trinkwasseranalyse/

Stuttgart, Germany (Baden-Württemberg)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.07, 0.06, 0.09).
http://www.lw-online.de/trinkwasser/trinkwasser-qualitaet/

Düsseldorf, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.13).
https://www.swd-ag.de/privatkunden/trinkwasser/trinkwasseranalyse/

Lisbon, Portugal
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.epal.pt/EPAL/menu/%C3%A1gua/divulga%C3%A7%C3%A3o-de-dados-da-qualidade-da-%C3%A1gua

Helsinki, Finland (Uusimaa)
Not occupied by the enemy. Pitkäkoski 0.1, Vanhakaupunki 0.1
https://www.hsy.fi/en/experts/water-services/drinking-water-quality/Pages/default.aspx

Malaga, Spain (Andalusia)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.3).
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/

Bremen, Germany
Not occupied by the enemy. Bremen-Nord less than 0.1, Bremen-Stadt 0.1, Mahndorf 0.1, Tenever less than 0.1
https://www.swb.de/wasser/trinkwasserqualitaet#

Sheffield, England (Yorkshire), UK
Not occupied by the enemy. S1 1AA (Loxley supply zone) 0.062
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Duisburg, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy (not detectable, less than 0.1, not detectable, not detectable).
https://www.stadtwerke-duisburg.de/privatkunden/wasser/

Hannover, Germany (Lower Saxony)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.3, 0.033).
http://www.enercity.de/privatkunden/produkte/wasser/wasserqualitaet/index.html
http://www.enercity.de/infothek/downloads/broschueren/wasser/trinkwasseranalyse-enercity-wasser.pdf
http://www.enercity.de/infothek/downloads/broschueren/wasser/trinkwasseranalyse-harzwasserwerke-gmbh.pdf

Oslo, Norway
Not occupied by the enemy (0.04).
https://www.oslo.kommune.no/vann-og-avlop/drikkevannskvalitet/

Copenhagen, Denmark
Not occupied by the enemy. Islevbro 0.51, Lejre Vandvaerk 0.88, Marbjerg 0.45, Regnemark 0.55, Slangerup 0.48, Søndersø 0.36, Thorsbro 0.29
https://www.hofor.dk/privat/vand/bliv-klog-paa-drikkevandet/det-indeholder-drikkevandet/

Leipzig, Germany (Saxony)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.51, 0.71, 0.13, 0.09, 0.08, 0.40, 0.13).
https://www.l.de/wasserwerke/wasserqualitaet/wasserinhaltsstoffe

Nuremberg, Germany (Bavaria)
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.2).
https://www.n-ergie.de/privatkunden/produkte/wasser/trinkwasserqualitaet/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zifT2dDQyd_A18_Q3cjQwczd0CLUxdLYxCzU30w_EpsHA31Y-iQL-7BZH6DVCAo4FTkJGTsYGBu78ROfqRTaLI_SAFUfiND9ePwmeFp7MpfgXgIManwD3MnIACC5gJ-EKRkD8KckOBIMIg0zPTEwADBF1s/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/

Bradford, England (Yorkshire), UK
Not occupied by the enemy. BD1 1AA (Bradford Central water supply zone) 0.055
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Dublin, Ireland (Leinster)
Occupied by the enemy. Industrial fluoride pollution is dumped into Dublin’s public water supply, with nominal fluoride concentrations of somewhere between 0.6 and 0.8 ppm. Irish Water does not appear to publicly report actual measured fluoride concentrations of the water.
https://www.water.ie/support/questions-and-answers/why-is-fluoride-added-to-/

Dresden, Germany (Saxony)
Not occupied by the enemy. Coschütz less than 0.15, Hosterwitz 0.17, Tolkewitz 0.22, Marsdorf –, Schönborn less than 0.15, Weixdorf (Nord) less than 0.15
https://www.drewag.de/wps/portal/drewag/cms/menu_main/privatkunden/produkte/wasser

Liverpool, England (Merseyside), UK
Not occupied by the enemy. L2 2DP (Liverpool City Centre water supply zone) less than 0.0197
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/drinking-water-quality/

Antwerp, Belgium (Flanders)
Not occupied by the enemy (0.48, 0.15).
https://www.water-link.be/samenstelling-en-hardheid

Gothenburg, Sweden
Not occupied by the enemy (less than 0.1).
http://goteborg.se/wps/portal/start/vatten-och-avlopp/dricksvatten/dricksvattnets-kvalitet/!ut/p/z1/hY5BDoIwFAXP4gX6WyC0LMsCAxjBaAS6MUBqJaGtgcYmnl48gPHtJjOLBwJaEKZ_Tap3kzX9vHEn4ltNihNLCcfVPslwfinr7Fgeqqgi0PwLxKbxj3EMBYhp0MiPGmEU0iCmEaFRQimLAwpNCp3TZ3P13yfcDCFTIBZ5l4tc0MOuDlrvPVLWqlmi0Wp46vadr3z3AZs81bo!/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/

Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Not occupied by the enemy. Glencorse C (EH10 4AA) 0.04, Castle Moffat (EH41 3AA) 0.05, Marchbank A (EH27 8AA) less than 0.04
http://www.scottishwater.co.uk/you-and-your-home/water-quality/waterqualitysearch

The Hague, the Netherlands (South Holland)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.dunea.nl/drinkwater/samenstelling

Manchester, England, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/drinking-water-quality/

Lyon, France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://agence.eaudugrandlyon.com/origine-qualite-eau.aspx

Bristol, England, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.bristolwater.co.uk/your-home/water-quality/fluoride/

Bochum, Germany
(North-Rhine Westphalia) Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.stadtwerke-bochum.de/privatkunden/produkte/wasser/wasserqualitaet_bochum.html

Kirklees, England (Yorkshire), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Bologna, Italy (Emilia-Romagna)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.gruppohera.it/gruppo/attivita_servizi/business_acqua/qualita/qualita_acqua_hera/qualita_media_comuni/-bologna/pagina230.html

Brno, Czech Republic (South Moravia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://mapy.bvk.cz/jakost/

Florence, Italy (Tuscany)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.publiacqua.it/node/37

Wuppertal, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.wuppertal.de/microsite/wasserversorgung/wasserversorgung/index.php

Toulouse, France (Occitanie)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.occitanie.ars.sante.fr/eau-de-consommation-0

Las Palmas, Spain (Gran Canaria)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/
https://www.emalsa.es/calidad-del-agua/

Bilbao, Spain (Basque Country)
Occupied by the enemy. Despite a lack of information in the water quality section of the website of the water supplier, Consorcio de Aguas Bilbao Bizkaia, there is information on the website of the Basque Country public healthcare institution Osakidetza which indicates that the people of Bilbao are in fact force-fluoridated. My previous assessment that Bilbao was not occupied by the enemy seems to have been incorrect.
https://www.consorciodeaguas.com/Web/CicloAgua/calidad_agua.aspx
http://www.osakidetza.euskadi.eus/r85-ckserv01/es/contenidos/informacion/sanidad_ambiental/es_1249/aguas_fluoracion_c.html

Murcia, Spain
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.emuasa.es/index.asp?Anal%EDticas

Fife, Scotland, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.scottishwater.co.uk/you-and-your-home/water-quality/waterqualitysearch

Nice, France (Alpes-Maritimes)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://orobnat.sante.gouv.fr/orobnat/rechercherResultatQualite.do

Catania, Italy (Sicily)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.sidraspa.it/area-comunicazione/analisi-dell-acqua/

Zürich, Switzerland
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.stadt-zuerich.ch/dib/de/index/wasserversorgung/Qualitaetsueberwachung/qualitaetswerte.html

Bari, Italy (Puglia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.aqp.it/portal/page/portal/MYAQP/SERVIZI/Qualita_Acqua/Le_caratteristiche_dellacqua/Parametri_chimici

Wirral, England (Merseyside), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/drinking-water-quality/water-quality-search-results/?postcodeField=CH60+0AN

North Lanarkshire, Scotland, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.scottishwater.co.uk/you-and-your-home/water-quality/waterqualitysearch

Ostrava, Czech Republic (Moravia-Silesia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.ovak.cz/index.php?lokalita=25&document=&name=kvalita_vody&lang=1

Bielefeld, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.stadtwerke-bielefeld.de/privatkunden/tarife/trinkwasser.html

Wakefield, England (Yorkshire), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Valladolid, Spain (Castile and León)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.aguasdevalladolid.com/ESP/180.asp

Cardiff, Wales, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.dwrcymru.com/en/In-Your-Area/Water-Quality.aspx

Dudley, England (West Midlands), UK
Occupied by the enemy. Industrial fluoride pollution is dumped into Dudley’s public water supply, with nominal fluoride concentrations “up to 1 mg/l”.
https://www.south-staffs-water.co.uk/household/my-water-supply/water-quality/water-quality-standards

Wigan, England (Greater Manchester), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/drinking-water-quality/

East Riding of Yorkshire, England, UK
Not occupied by the enemy, but recently under attack.
http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/health/another-step-taken-towards-fluoride-in-water-despite-protests-1-8240004
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Mannheim, Germany (Baden-Württemberg)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.mvv-energie.de/de/privatkunden/wasser/wasserqualitaet/wasserqualitaet_1.jsp

Córdoba, Spain (Andalusia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/
http://www.aguasdecordoba.es/servicios/control-de-calidad/analisis

South Lanarkshire, Scotland, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.scottishwater.co.uk/you-and-your-home/water-quality/waterqualitysearch

Coventry, England (West Midlands), UK
Occupied by the enemy. Industrial fluoride pollution is dumped into Coventry’s public water supply, with a nominal fluoride concentration of 1 ppm.
https://www.stwater.co.uk/my-supply/water-quality/about-your-water/fluoride/
https://www.stwater.co.uk/my-supply/water-quality/check-my-water-quality/

Palma, Spain (Balearic Islands)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.emaya.es/ciclo-agua/calidad-agua/calidad-conceptos-y-informes/

Bonn, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.stadtwerke-bonn.de/energieundwasser/privatkunden/produkte/wasser/wasseranalyse.html

Venice, Italy (Veneto)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.gruppoveritas.it/servizio-idrico-integrato/qualita-dell-acqua.html

Belfast, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.niwater.com/water-quality-results/

Leicester, England (Leicestershire), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.stwater.co.uk/my-supply/water-quality/check-my-water-quality/

Sunderland, England (Tyne and Wear), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.nwl.co.uk/your-home/your-account/your-area.aspx

Sandwell, England (West Midlands), UK
Occupied by the enemy.
https://www.south-staffs-water.co.uk/household/my-water-supply/water-quality/water-quality-standards

Doncaster, England (South Yorkshire) UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.yorkshirewater.com/extra-services/in-your-area.aspx

Stockport, England (Greater Manchester), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/drinking-water-quality/
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/about-your-water/fluoridation/

Sefton, England (Merseyside), UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/drinking-water-quality/
https://www.unitedutilities.com/services/your-water-supply/about-your-water/fluoridation/

Vigo, Spain (Pontevedra)
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.gacetasanitaria.org/es/fluor-aguas-consumo-publico-espanolas/articulo/S021391111300201X/
http://www.aqualia.com/es/web/aqualia-vigo/calidad-y-medioambiente/analisis-de-agua

Aarhus, Denmark
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.aarhusvand.dk/privat/vandkvalitet/paa-din-adresse/

Nottingham, England, UK
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.stwater.co.uk/my-supply/water-quality/check-my-water-quality/

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England (Tyne and Wear), UK
Occupied by the force-fluoridating enemy.
https://www.nwl.co.uk/your-home/your-account/your-area.aspx

Gelsenkirchen, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.gelsenwasser.de/index.php?id=3106&oid=49115&no_cache=1

Karlsruhe, Germany (Baden-Württemberg)
Not occupied by the enemy.
https://www.stadtwerke-karlsruhe.de/swk/kundenservice/infomaterial/produkte.php

Porto, Portugal
Not occupied by the enemy.
http://www.aguasdoporto.pt/rede-publica

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4 thoughts on “Fluoride levels in tap water in western Europe

  1. John

    what about all of the cities, towns and villages in the Republic of Ireland? Ireland is the only country in Europe with mandatory state-wide fluoridation.

  2. Forced-fluoridation Freedom Fighters Post author

    Yeah, I know that Ireland is the only country in Europe where the majority of the population is directly subjected to forced-fluoridation, but the purpose of this post and the follow-up article is to show that low rates of dental caries in western European countries cannot be explained by fluoride ingestion. You may be interested in my response to a radio interview involving Joe Mullen, one of the major perpetrators of forced-fluoridation in Ireland.
    https://forcedfluoridationfreedomfighters.com/response-to-joke-mullen-member-of-the-irish-expert-body-on-fluorides-and-health/

  3. KSpencer

    There are 740 million Europeans. About 3% consume fluoridated water. Fluoridated salt is only available in a handful of countries and has a minority market share. Even fewer have access to fluoridated milk. In other words, over half a billion Europeans do NOT consume any fluoride. They may brush their teeth with it following the instructions to SPIT, DON’T SWALLOW.

    European letters: http://www.actionpa.org/fluoride/countries.pdf
    Sicily tests 667 water sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18064536

    No fluoridation of any type is available in Italy. A few villages on the hillsides of its two volcanos or located near polluted industrial zones have fluoride in their water. It is considered pollution and causal in “denti scritti” – teeth with marks on them, dental fluorosis.

    1. Forced-fluoridation Freedom Fighters Post author

      There is some information on artificial sources of fluoride in Western Europe in the follow-up article. It isn’t quite true that over half a billion Europeans do not consume any fluoride because everyone consumes some fluoride which is present naturally in water and food, but the levels are generally far lower than for people subjected to forced-fluoridation. Anyway, the main point is that fluoridationists never let the truth get in the way of their little fairytale, as you know.

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